Evaluating open hardware from an ecological economics perspective

Summary: This project will involve a quantitative and qualitative evaluation of “designed global, manufactured local” (DGML) products from an ecological economics perspective. We will conduct a life-cycle assessment (LCA) of 2-3 DGML technological solutions (e.g. a house, an open source 3D printer, a wireless data transmission, field sensor node). LCA will include an assessment of ...

Open source technology in agricultural production

Summary: This project attempts to explore the open source technology (with a focus on hardware) for agriculture emerging from a mode of production different from the capitalist one, that of commons-based peer production. There are indeed several existing open source projects in relation to the primary sector of the economy, and particularly agriculture. This project ...

The emergence of urban makerspaces

Abstract: The criticism on the smart city is used as a starting point to highlight the promises of makerspaces, that is to say, those emerging urban sites that promote sharing practices; exercise community-based forms of governance; and utilize localized manufacturing technologies. A bird’s-eye-view of the history of makerspaces is provided tracing their roots back to ...

PHYGITAL: Assessing the practices, innovation and sustainability potential of “design global, manufacture local” model

Summary of PHYGITAL: This key project will document, analyse, test, evaluate, and create awareness about a new mode of value creation, based on the conjunction of the digital commons (e.g. open knowledge, software and design) with desktop manufacturing and automation technologies (e.g. from 3D printing and CNC machines to low-tech tools and crafts). This convergence ...

Digital commons, local manufacturing and sustainability

Abstract: The emerging discussion about the sustainability potential of distributed production is the starting point for this paper. The focus is on the “design global, manufacture local” model. This model builds on the conjunction of the digital commons of knowledge and design with desktop and benchtop manufacturing technologies (from three-dimensional printers and laser cutters to ...

Design global, manufacture local: Exploring the contours of an emerging productive model

This article aims to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on post-capitalist construction by exploring the contours of a commons-oriented productive model. On the basis of this model called “design global-manufacture local”, we argue that recent techno-economic developments around the emergence of commons-based peer production and desktop manufacturing technologies, may signal new alternative paths of social ...

Commoning the “smart city”

During the last decade there has been considerable debate over the relatively vague concept of the “smart city”. Nowadays, the smart city has crystallised into an image of a city permeated with top-down and centrally controlled technological infrastructures that promise to improve the urban environment in terms of efficiency, security and sustainability. However, many scholars ...

Production and governance in hackerspaces

This research project deals with the phenomenon of hackerspaces and sheds light on the relationship of their underlying values, organizational structures and productive processes to those of the online communities of commons-based peer production projects. While hackerspaces adopt hybrid modes of governance, this study attempts to identify patterns, trends and theory that can frame their ...