Summary: This project will include two in-depth case studies of prominent digital commons cases which have arguably propelled much innovation and entrepreneurial activity. First, we will study the Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) patent which expired in 2005 and has widely been used in the 3D printing industry. A comparative data analysis before and after the expiration of the patent will be used, in order to establish whether the FDM patent has spurred or hindered technological innovation and entrepreneurship. The respective indicators will be related to scholarly publications, patents filaments, market data and more. Moreover, the second case study will involve the CERN open hardware repository (COHR) which seems to represent an opportunity to innovate not only in technology but also in business models. It will be examined how COHR has been utilised by for-profit and nonprofit entities. The discussion will be cumulated into policy briefs and recommendations on how to take into account the implications of commons-oriented business models in national economic and innovation policies but also commons-enabled governance systems for the smart, sustainable and inclusive development.
Participants: Alex Pazaitis, Vasilis Kostakis & Wolfgang Drechsler.
This is part of P2P Lab’s 2016-2019 strategic project.